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可持续发展目标之性别平等相关指标新进展
来源:满堂彩 时间: 2020.03.25 字号: 【

——基于《2019年可持续发展目标报告》《可持续发展目标进展: 2019年性别概览》数据

bianzhean

jinnianshi2030niankechixufazhanyichengshishi5zhounian。lianheguojingjiheshehuishiwubuyulianheguofunvshufabude《2019niankechixufazhanmubiaobaogao》《kechixufazhanmubiaojinzhan: 2019nianxingbiegailan》,quanmianzhanxianlekechixufazhanmubiaozhongxingbiepingdengxiangguanzhibiaodeluoshiqingkuang。benwenzaizongjie“2030yicheng”zuixinluoshiqingkuangdejichushang,xuanqucujinfunvcanzheng、funvjingjifuquanhexiaochujiyuxingbiedebaolisanfangmianjutishujujinxingduibifenxi,yiqigengshenruditantaozheixielingyuyiqudedechengjijiwenti。

■ wanghaimei

2015nian9yuetongguode2030niankechixufazhanyicheng(yixiajiancheng“2030yicheng”)duixingbieyitijiyujidaguanzhu。chumubiao5“shixianxingbiepingdeng,zengqiangsuoyoufunvhenvtongdequanneng”zuoweidandumubiaoliechuzhiwai,xingbieyitiguanchuanzhengge2030yicheng。《2019niankechixufazhanmubiaobaogao》he《kechixufazhanmubiaojinzhan: 2019nianxingbiegailan》liangfenwenjianquanmianlitidichengxianlesuoyoukechixufazhanmubiaoxiangxia,youguanxingbiepingdenghefunvdiweidejishikekaodexinxi,youzhuyuquedingxingbiepingdengxiangguanzhibiaodejiancejixian,zhangwozheixiezhibiaoluoshiqingkuangdequshishuju,duiyupinggugekechixufazhanmubiaoluoshijinduzhiguanzhongyao。

”2030议程”性别平等目标整体进展

liangfenwenjianxianshi,yuguoquxiangbi,beipozaohundenvhaishuliangjianshao,gengduofunvzaiguohuihuolingdaozhiwushangrenzhi,tuijinxingbiepingdenglifaqudezhongyaojinzhan。birunanyanvtongtonghundefengxianzi2000nianyilaixiajianglechaoguo40%;jiezhi2019nian1yue1ri,geguoyihuizhongnvxingdaibiaodebilipingjunwei24.3%,bi2010nianzengzhangle5gebaifendiandeng。jinguanruci,qishixingfalvheshehuiguifan,yijiduifunvhenvhaidebaolirengranguangfancunzai,funvhenvhaicongshiwuchangjiawulaodongdeshijianyuanyuanchaoguonanxing。

北京幸运28ciwai,funvhaimianlinxianrupinkun、liangshibuanquan、renkoufanyundengyanzhongwenti,bingqiebinanxinggengrongyishoudaoshanghai。biru2018nian,quanshijiemianlinliangshibuanquanfengxiandenvxingbilibinanxinggao10%;2017nian,zaibaoliugelilouxide30geguojiazhongrengranyou1/3de15sui~19suidenvtongjieshoulegeli;zaiqueshuidiqu,80%dejiatingyoufunvhenvtongfuzequshui;3/4derenkoufanyunshouhaizheshifunvhenvtongdeng。

妇女参政相关指标新进展

lianheguodeshujuxianshi,funvcanzhenghuozhedanrenlingdaozhiwudebiliyousuozengjia,shi《2019niankechixufazhanmubiaobaogao》liechudemubiao5xiangxiaqudejiaohaojinzhandesangefangmianzhiyi。danbaogaotongshitichu,jinguanruci,funvzaigejizhengzhilingdaocengderenshuyiranbuzu,zaishijiefanweinei,jinyou1/4deyihuixiweiyounvxingzhangwo;zaijingjilingyu,nvxingcongshiguanlizhiweidebilizaishijiefanweineichengxianchushangshengqushi,2000nianyilai,chulezuibufadaguojiayiwai,gaibilizaigequyuheguojiafenzuzhongdouyoushangsheng,danyunanxingxiangbirengranjiaodi,xiangchaxuanshu。2018nian,funvzhanshijielaodonglide39%,qizhongjinyou27%deguanlizhiweiyoufunvdanren。

北京幸运28tongshiyinggaikandao,shijiefunvyihuidaibiao24.3%depingjunbilijuli1995nianbeijing《xingdonggangling》tichude30%dezuididaibiaobilirengyouyidingjuli。xingbiepingdenglinianxuanchuanrengyoudaijiaqiang,xujinyibujiangqirongrujiatingjiaoyuheshehuijiaoyu,cujinfunvzibeijingxingyun28fuquan,zengqiangfunvzhengzhicanyuyiyuan,tishengfunvlingdaoli,wanshannvxinglingdaozhexuanbajizhi,chongfenbaozhangfunvzhengzhiquanli。

促进妇女经济赋权相关指标新进展

北京幸运28funvdejingjifuquanlingyuzuizhiguandefunvjiuyewentiyu2030yichengmubiao8miqiexiangguan,lianheguoliangfenwenjiandeshujuxianshi,shijiefanweinei,cunzaiguanyufunvjiuyedefalvqueshi,nvxingyunanxingdejiuyeqingkuangchabieda,xingbiegongzichajumingxian,nvxinggengrongyimianlinfeizhengguijiuyedewenti。biru,29%deguojiazaijiuyehejingjifulilingyucunzaifalvkongbai;zaiquanqiufanweinei,25~54suidenvxingjiuyelvwei55%,tongnianlingduannanxingwei94%;zaidayue70%deguojia,nvxingzaifeinongyebumendefeizhengguijiuyebiligaoyunanxing;nanxingmeixiaoshigongzidezhongweishubinvxinggao12%;funvmeitiancongshiwuchangjiawuzhaoliaodeshijianyueshinanxingde3bei。

zhidezhuyideshi,rengyoudaliangfeizhengguijiuyefunvweinengjirutongjishuju,birujiazhengxingyedenvxingcongyezhehejingjifazhandailaidexinzhiyezhongdenvxingcongyezhe。chongfenkaochageleinvxingquntidejingjifuquanqingkuangheshijixuqiu,haixujiezhushehuixingbiehejiaochaxingshijiao。

消除基于性别的暴力相关指标新进展

shujuxianshi,henduoguojiaqueshaofanduijiyuxingbiedebaolixingweidexiangguanlifa,duifunvhenvhaidebaoliqinhairengranguangfancunzai。muqian,jiangjin2/3deguojiaqueshaoshejiduinvxingdezhijiehejianjieqishidexiangguanfalv,68%deguojiaqueshaojiyutongyiyuanzedefanqiangjianfa;zaicengyouguobanlvdefunvhenvtong(15~49sui)zhong,zaidiaochaqian12geyueneijingshouguoxianrenhuoqianrenqinmibanlvdeshentibaolihe/huoxingbaolidebiliwei18%;jinjiuqinmibanlvsharenfanzuieryan,nvxingshouhaizhedebiligaoda82%。

xuyaozhichudeshi,muqianjiyuxingbiedeshujutongjijingdurengyoutishengkongjian。weishigengduoyinxingbaolixingweibeikandao、beiguanzhu,bingtuidongqidedaozuizhongjiejue,haiyingzengjiaduixingyuxingbieshaoshuqunti、nvxingaizibingbingduganranzhe、canzhangnvxingdengruoshiquntideguanzhu,tongshijiadaduixingsaoraodefangzhilidu。

“不让任何一个人掉队”原则落实情况再考察

2015nian,zai193gechengyuanguojititongguo“2030yicheng”zhishi,zaixuyanzhongqiangdiaole“burangrenheyigerendiaodui”yuanze,bingchengnuoshiqiguanchuanzaizhengge“2030yicheng”ji17gekechixufazhanmubiao。2018nian,lianheguofazhanzhengceweiyuanhuiqiangdiao,suiranzheiyiyuanzemeiyouyinfazhengyi,danshiqizaishijianzhongdefuzaxinghetiaozhanmeiyoubeizhengshi。“2030yicheng”jinzhandaodiwunian,chengyuanguozhijianhezhineidebupingdengrengranpubiancunzai,bingqiedaozhibianyuanquntichixu“diaodui”,yuanyinbaokuoquanqiuhua、kejibujunhengfazhan、xingbieqishijihuanjingweiji。qizhong,guoyufanhuade“xingbie”lunshugengshirangzaoyuduozhongyapo(buzhishijiyuxingbie)debianyuanfunvquntiwufashouyiyu“2030yicheng”。

yaoquebao“burangrenheyigerendiaodui”,chengyuanguoxuyaozaishishi“2030yicheng”shizengqiangduibutongruoshiquntimianlindetiaozhanderenzhi,qizhongyigezhongyaofangfajiushishoujiyouxiaodefenleishuju。jiuxingbiepingdengxiangguanzhibiaolaishuo,zhiyong“xingbie”zuoweifenleibiaozhunshibugoude,wufaquanmianfanyingnvxingqunti、tebieshibianyuannvxingquntimianlindefazhankunjing。genjulianheguofunvshudefenxi,quanqiufanweinei,you3.5yirendeshehuirenkoutezhengmeiyouzaixianyoushujuzhongtixian,baokuodanbuxianyucanzhang、zhongzu、minzu、zongjiaoxinyang、qianyiqingkuangjixingbierentongyuxingquxiang,zheixieshujudequeshihuidaozhihenduobianyuanruoshiquntiwufazhenzhengxiangyoufazhanquan。yinci,zai“2030yicheng”dezhixingguochengzhongnarugengjingquedefenleishuju,jiaqiangzhengfuheminjianzuzhideyouyihudong,bingqietigongxiangyingdeyusuanhecaizhengzhichi,biandeshifenbiyao。xingbiepingdengyitiguanchuansuoyoukechixufazhanmubiao,xuyaotebiekaolvqitajiaochaxingshenfenheshehuirenkoutezhengyinsu,yibianchongfenbaozhangcanzhangnvxing、nongcunnvxing、liudongnvxingjixingyuxingbieshaoshunvxingdengruoshinvxingquntideqieshenliyi。

(zuozheweibeijingwaiguoyudaxueguojiguanxixueyuanboshisheng)

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